Myanmar



Union of Myanmar (formerly Burma)
Minister of Environment
Name:H. E. Brig. General Thein Aung
Position:Chairman of National Commission for Environmental Affairs and Minister of Forestry
Organization:Ministry of Forestry
Address1:Building 28, Nay Pyi Taw City
Address2:Myanmar
 
Focal Point
Name:U Than Swe (Mr.)
Position:Secretary, National Commission for Environmental Affairs (NCEA),Director-General, Planning and Statistics Department
Organization:Ministry of Forestry
Address1:Building 28, Nay Pyi Taw City
Address2:Myanmar
 
Key Facts
Head of State:Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Sr. Gen. THAN SHWE (since 23 April 1992)
Head of Government:Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Sr. Gen. THAN SHWE (since 23 April 1992); note - the appointed Prime Minister, Gen. SOE WIN (since 19 October 2004),
Capital:Yangon
Area (Sq Km):676553
Capital:Yangon
Population (million):42.5
Membership of international organizations :ARF, ADB, ASEAN, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, NAM, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
GDP capital:1700
Source1:World Factbook 2003
 
Country Human Development Index
Life Expectancy at birth (years):57
Adult Literacy Rate (%):85
Human Development Index Rank:131
Source:Source: NCEA, 1/6/99. * UNDP Human Development Report 2003
Year:2001
 
Major Environmental Legislation
LegislationYearPurpose
Forestry Law Protection of wildlife and Wild Plants and Conservation of Natural Areas Law Public Health Law Factory Act Territorial Sea and maritime Zone Law Marine Fisheries Law Fishing Rights of Foreign Vessels Law National Environment Policy0To implement the forest policy and the environmental conservation policy, to promote the sector of public cooperation in implementing these policies, to develop the economy of the State, to prevent the dangers of destruction of forest and biodiversity, to carry out simultaneously conservation of natural forests and establishment of forest plantations and to contribute towards the fuel requirement of the country. To protect wildlife, wild plants and conserve natural areas, to contribute towards works of natural scientific research, and to establish zoological gardens and botanical gardens. To promote and safeguard public health and to take necessary measures in respect of environmental health. To make effective arrangement in every factory for disposal of waste and effluence, and the matter on health, cleanliness and precaution against danger. To define and determine maritime zone, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf and the right of the Union of Myanmar to exercise general and exclusive jurisdiction over these zones and continental shelf in respect of preservation and protection of marine environment, its resources and prevention of marine pollution. To conserve marine fisheries water and to enable systematic operation in marine fisheries. To conserve fisheries water and to enable systematic operation in fisheries with participation of foreign investors. To establish sound environment policies in the utilization of water, land, forest, mineral resources and other natural resources in order to conserve the environment and prevent its degradation.
 
National Environmental Policy

To establish sound environment policies in the utilization of water, land, forests, mineral, marine resources and other natural resources in order to conserve the environment and prevent its degradation, the Government of the Union of Myanmar hereby adopts the following policy:

? The wealth of a nation is its people, its cultural heritage, its environment and its natural resources.  The objective of Myanmar?s environment policy is aimed at achieving harmony and balance between these through the integration of environmental considerations into the development process to enhance the quality of the life of all its citizens.  Every nation has the sovereign right to utilize its natural resources in accordance with its environmental policies; but great care must be taken not to exceed its jurisdiction or infringe upon the interests of other nations.  It is the responsibility of the State and every citizen to preserve its natural resources in the interest of present and future generation.  Environmental protection should always be the primary objective in seeking development?

It was learnt that the said policy was proclaimed through the Gazette in accordance with Notification No. 26/94 dated 5 December 1994 of the Government of the Union of Myanmar.

 
Environmental Impact Assessment

The drafting of EIA Law in process.

 
NGOs Active in Environmental Activities

Forest Resource and Environment Development Association (FREDA)