Indonesia



Republic of Indonesia
Minister of Environment
Name:H.E. Mr. Rachmat Witoelar
Position:State Minister for the Environment
Organization:State Ministry of the Environment
Address1:Jl. D.I. Panjaitan Kav. 24 , Kebon Nanas
Address2:Jakarta Timur 13410, Indonesia
Phone:Tel.: (62-21) 858-0102, 858-0103
Fax:Fax: (62-21) 851 9648, 858 0101, 385 7579
URL:http://www.bapedal.go.id/
 
Focal Point
Name:Mrs. Laksmi Dhewanthi
Position:Acting-Head of Bureau for Planning and International Cooperation Administration
Organization:Ministry of Environment
Address1:Jalan D. I. Panjaitan, Kebun Nanas
Address2:Jakarta 13410, INDONESIA
Phone:Tel. (62-21) 852-0763,
Fax:Fax. (62-21) 858-0110
 
Key Facts
Head of State:President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004) and Vice President Muhammad Yusuf KALLA (since 20 October 2004)
Head of Government:President Susilo Bambang YUDHOYONO (since 20 October 2004) and Vice President Muhammad Yusuf KALLA (since 20 October 2004); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
Ruling System:Democracy
Capital:Jakarta
Area (Sq Km):1919440
Capital:Jakarta
Population (million):234.893
Source1:The World Factbook 2003
 
Country Human Development Index
Life Expectancy at birth (years):66.2
Adult Literacy Rate (%):87.3
GDP per capita (PPP$):2940
Life Expectancy Index:0.69
Education Index:0.8
GDP index:0.56
Human Development Index Rank:112
Source:UNDP Human Development Report 2003
Year:2001
 
Key Environmental Issues

Environmental issues:

  • Deforestation
  • Water pollution from industrial wastes
  • Sewage
  • Air pollution in urban areas
  • Smoke and haze from forest fires

Natural hazards:

  • Occasional floods
  • Severe droughts
  • Tsunamis
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Forest fires
 
Major Environmental Legislation
LegislationYearPurpose
Government Regulation No.271999Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)
Government Regulation No. 18 and No. 851999Hazardous Waste Management
Government Regulation No. 822001Water Quality Management and Waste Water Control
Government Regulation No. 742001Hazardous Material Management
Government Regulation No. 42001Management Environmental Degradation and Environmental Pollution from Forest Fire
Presidential Decree No. 02/2002 Presidential Decree No. 04/20022002Alteration of Presidential Decree No. 108/2001 on the Organizational Unit and Duty of the First Echelons of State Ministers.
Ministerial Decree No. 86/20022002Guidelines of Environmental Management Plan and Environmental Monitoring Plan
Presidential Decree No. 231992Ratification of the International Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and Ratification of the London Amendment to the Montreal Protocol
Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 241992Spatial Planning
Presidential Decree No. 611993Ratification of the International Basel Convention on the Control of Transboudary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal
Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 51994Ratification of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 61994Ratification of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change General Guidelines for Environmental Audit Implementation
Government Regulation No. 121995Emission Standards for Vehicle
Ministerial Decree No. 35/MENLH/7/19951995Clean River program
Ministerial Decree No. 51/MENLH/10/19951995Effluent Standard for Industry
Ministerial Decree No. 52/MENLH/10/19951995Effluent Standard for Hotel
Ministerial Decree No. 48/MENLH/11/19961996Noise Standards
Ministerial Decree No. 49/MENLH/11/19961996Vibration Standards
Ministerial Decree No. 50/MENLH/11/19961996Odor Standards
Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 231997Environmental Management Act
Law No. 41/1999 on Forestry1998Alteration of Presidential Decree No. 101/2001 on Position, Duty, Function, Authority, Organizational Structure and Management of State Ministers
Government Regulation No. 191999Sea Pollution Management
Government Regulation No. 411999Air Pollution Management
 
National Environmental Policy

?Clear commitment to protect the environment and natural resources, while simultaneously providing for continued economic development.?  Statement of environmental policies is provided in the Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 23 of 1997.

 
Environmental Impact Assessment

The latest deregulation of EIA (AMDAL) is Government Regulation (PP) No. 29/1999, which eliminates PP 51/1993 and PP 29/1986. The important points of revisions are

Determinations/Rules

PP 29/1986

PP 51/1993

PP 27/1999

1.        Methods

 

 
International Conventions on Environment
TitleYearStatus
ASEAN Agreement on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources00
Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage19720
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Animals19790
Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer31.10.90 3
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal19890
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Kyoto Protocol)19926
Convention on Biological Diversity19920
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea19820
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Part21.09.95 0
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships19730
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)00
International Tropical Timber Agreement00
Convention on the High Sea00
International Plant Protection Convention00
 
Roll of Honour
AwardeeYear
Ms. Ully Sigar Rusadi1987
Mr. Otto Soemarwoto1988
Ms. Bu Eroh1989
Participatory Development Forum (PDF),Dr. Suryo Wardhoyo Prawiroatmodjo,Ms. Erna Witoelar1992
Dr. Birute Galikas1993
Ms. Siti Aminah1997
 
NGOs Active in Environmental Activities
  • Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI)
  • Yayasan Mitra Rhino (YMR)
  • KONPHALINDO
  • Bina Swadaya
  • Kelompok Indonesia Hijau (KIH)
  • Lembaga Pengkajian Pengembangan Mangrove
  • Yayasan Hualopu
  • Yayasana Keanekaragaman Hayati (KEHATI)
  • Yayasan Solidaritas Bangsa
  • Lembaga Bina Mandiri Indonesia
  • Environmental Education Centre (PPLH)
  • Participatory Development Forum (PDF)
  • Yayasan Dian Desa
  • Yayasan Leuser Internasional
  • Yayasan Kalpa Wilis, etc.