Mongolia



State of Mongolia
Minister of Environment
Name:Ms. Sanjaasuren Oyun
Position:Minister
Organization:Ministry of Environment and Green Development
Address1:Government Building II, P.O.B 46 14201
Address2:United Nations Street 5/2, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Phone:Tel.:(976-51) 266171, 266424
Fax:Fax:(976-11) 321402
URL:http://www.mne.mn/
 
Focal Point
Name:Dr. BATBOLD Dorjgurhem
Position:Director of International Cooperation
Organization:Ministry of Environment and Green Development
Address1:Government Building II, P.O.B 46, 14201
Address2:United Nations Street, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Phone:Tel: (976-51) 266197
Fax:Fax: (976-11) 321401
 
Key Facts
Head of State:President ELBEGDORJ Tsakhia (since July 2009)
Head of Government:Prime Minister ALTANKHUYAG Norov (since June 2012)
Ruling System:Coalition Government
Capital:Ulaanbaatar
Area (Sq Km):1565000
Capital:Ulaanbaatar
Population (million):2.800
Membership of international organizations :ARF (dialogue partner), ADB, ASEAN (observer), CCC, CP (provisional), EBRD, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WtrO
Source1:The World of Information ?Asia & Pacific Review 1997 Sixteenth Edition, The Economic and Business Report
Source2:Ministry of Nature and the Environment, Mongolia, 22/2/99. ***The World Factbook 2003
 
Country Human Development Index
Life Expectancy at birth (years):63.3
Adult Literacy Rate (%):98.5
GDP per capita (PPP$):1740
Life Expectancy Index:0.64
Education Index:0.87
GDP index:0.48
Human Development Index Rank:117
Source:UNDP Human Development Report 2003
Year:2001
 
Key Environmental Issues
  • Absence of water basin, forest, and range reserve estimates and management plans
  • Lack of centralized and accessible project/plan information system and early identification of projects
  • Rapid rise in water demand and increased level of economic activities in key watersheds
  • Overgrazing
  • Deforestation
  • Soil erosion
  • Desertification
  • Urban air pollution caused by coal fired heating stoves of individual dwellings, large soft coal fired, thermal electric power plants, industry and vehicles
  • A number of endangered and endogenous species are threatened by extinction
  • Inadequate waste and toxic substance management programs
 
National Environmental Policy

Medium term strategy on environment covers the period between now and starting period of the implementation of the State Policy on Ecology approved by the Parliament and MAP21 or approximately up to 2005.  The strategy aims at laying down a basis for sustainable development in which a society lives in harmony with nature.  In order to ensure harmony with nature the following main goals have to be implemented within the framework of the strategy:

 
Environmental Impact Assessment

Under TA MON-1647 EIA procedures are strengthened.  A Mongolian Environmental Assessment Program (MEAP) was developed. This MEAP is considered to be a comprehensive environmental and natural resource review process, which proposes reviews at every stage of policy, program, plan, and project development. Currently, Policy Coordination Department in the MNE is in charge of reviewing the Detailed Project Description of all proposed investment projects and establishing environmental categorical designation according to the Law on EIA.

 
International Conventions on Environment
TitleYearStatus
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals00
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat 20.04.19924
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer19856
Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal19890
Convention on Biological Diversity19920
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)18.02.824
 
Environmental Institution
The MNE was formed in 1992 from the State Committee for Environmental Control (SCEC). The MNE formed a new level of organization in 1996, which has: Environmental Protection Agency, Land agency and Hydrometeorological Agency. Four departments of the Ministry report directly to the Minister. Since the Government tries to decentralize regulatory aspects and to promote enforcement and fee collection at the local level. The Academy of Sciences, a research organization funded by the Government, consists of several research institutions.
The MNE was formed in 1992 from the State Committee for Environmental Control (SCEC). The MNE formed a new level of organization in 1996, which has: Environmental Protection Agency, Land agency and Hydrometeorological Agency. Four departments of the Ministry report directly to the Minister. Since the Government tries to decentralize regulatory aspects and to promote enforcement and fee collection at the local level. The Academy of Sciences, a research organization funded by the Government, consists of several research institutions.
 
NGOs Active in Environmental Activities
  1. The Mongolian Association for the Conservation of Nature and the Environment (MACNE).  Principal goals and activities: preservation of traditional methods of natural resources use; preservation of unique environmental heritage; environmental education and ecological training, research in the areas of environmental science and technology; and mass media advocacy of environmental protection.
  2. The Green Party.  The goal is the conservation of nature in its natural state.
  3. The Mongolian Women's Federation. The main concerns: issues pertaining the quality of life for women in Mongolia, the role of women in development, and the participation by women at all levels of society.